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Review ArticleArticle Views : 2Article Downloads : 3

Persisting teen age births, a global challenge

Chhabra S

Article Information

Aritcle Type: Review Article

Publication history:

Received date: 06 June, 2019
Accepted date: 26 June, 2019
Published date: 28 June, 2019

Abstract Introduction Teen age births, though have reduced, are still common, with lot of impact on mothers health, babies, families, communities, nations world at large. Impact can echo through out girl’s life, carry over to next generations. It has been revealed that globally unmarried adolescents appear to have less access to family planning than general population. Sex during adolescence is common with lack of awareness of sequlae in girls, specially in South East Asia. Objectives To know about teen age births, effects, global challenges in prevention of teen age births, their sequlae. Methodology Simple review about various studies, health providers views was done by different search engines like Uptodate, Pubmed, Ermed Consortium, Cochrane Library, Delnet, MedIND . Self experiences were added. Results- Racial/ethnic geographic disparities in teen births persist, both within, across Countries, States, Districts , Communities, some with low rates and others with high. USA reported much higher rates of teen age births compared to other developed countries though declined after 1991 dramatically between 2007 and 2016 as per published research using National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) and Youth Risk Behaviour Survey in USA. Change was influenced primarily by increase in contraceptive use, to lesser degree declines in sexual activity. It was also revealed that in all countries, unmarried adolescents appeared to have less access to family planning than general population of America. Existing literature suggested that the persistence of adolescent fertility reflected range of cultural, socio-economic factors. Teenage pregnancy has been reported to be associated with number of adverse health outcomes for mother, baby as well as social economic disadvantages for individual , families even next generations. Conclusion Improving adolescents awareness about sexually, reproduction, special care , access to contraceptives as per need including emergency conception are essential. Public youth policies must consider the differences in stories of adolescents . Policies programs must go around their lives.

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